Mildew, like mildew, is a fungal disease (associated with pathogenic fungi that is quite destructive) that can spread greatly to the soil. Between rot and necrosis, part of the crop can quickly disappear. Indeed, when this fungus becomes infected, we often have no choice but to remove and burn the diseased parts of the plants. And yet a few good prevention and treatment measures can make a big difference. That’s why it’s important for every gardener to know and know how to identify tomato molds. Grandma tells you here all the secrets to eradicate one of the most feared fungal diseases in the garden without chemical pesticides!
All about tomato mold: know it… and recognize it!
The term mold actually includes several fungal diseases. In the case of a tomato, it is a mushroom Phytophthora infestans who’s with me. It is favored by a hot and humid weather (humidity is over 90%). As summer approaches and thunderstorms and rainfall increase during this hot season, spores can develop more easily into garden vegetation. We then detect certain first distinctive symptoms of the disease that intensify as it occurs. For example, more and more black and brown spots settle in front of damaged leaves or fruit. Behind the leaves, however, is a rather powdery white layer. Of these smallest signs, we need to act fast!
How to prevent late-onset plague in tomatoes?
Choose a more disease-resistant variety
No variety can withstand 100% mold. However, some are more sensitive to it than others. When you choose a more durable tomato, it can continue to produce viable fruit despite contamination. This includes varieties like Crimson Crush F1, Fantasio, Iron Lady F1 Organic, Maestria or Philovita F1 (for cherry tomato lovers).
Treatment of tomato crops
First, it is necessary place the tomato stalks in between. This trick, well known to gardeners, allows plants to breathe and limit the phenomenon of maceration. Planting in full sunshine, but also avoiding watering the leaves also limits disease. In addition, when cultivating vegetable land, avoid planting tomatoes next to potatoes. The latter really quickly infect the disease and infect their neighbors!
Use natural products proactively
Spraying certain preventative treatments can help strengthen tomato plants. When applied in early spring, they will make your plants more resistant to disease! Here you can trust decoction of horsetail or nettle manure like comfrey.
What to do when a tomato is infected with late-onset plague?
In the event of an infection, action must be taken as soon as possible before the plants are completely destroyed. But what can be used to treat tomato plants? Very often we talk about Bordeaux. However, this is permitted in organic farming for the treatment of mold, tomato or potato mold and scab. the product is still controversial. Fortunately, there are other solutions more environmentally friendly and copper-free which can accumulate in the soil!
Baking soda for the treatment of diseases
Baking soda helpsimproves pH at the factory level. When made less acidic, it hinders the development of the fungus and thus helps to eradicate it. To do this, simply mix a teaspoon of baking soda and a teaspoon of liquid black soap in a liter of water. Then apply this product with a syringe immediately after planting the tomato, once a week.
Install the right flowers around the tomato against mold
The right growing associations are a key part of permaculture. This allows for so many to hunt pests where from against diseases. A preventive solution would be, for example, the installation of basil or nasturtium plants to limit the occurrence and development of mildew. Chinese chives would be active against the fungus Phytophtora infestans.
Use the greenhouse
The greenhouse protects tomato plants from morning dew and bad weather. That to avoid exposing the leaves to fungus-promoting moisture. However, you need to make sure your greenhouse is well ventilated as pests can multiply there quickly. Also, you can no longer rely on rain to wet your substrate. Also regular watering and selection of plenty of fresh soil. With this solution, you also get a longer harvest and fruits that ripen faster.
Are late-onset tomatoes edible?
Not all of the prevention and efforts we make in our vegetable garden are always enough to prevent disease. Also, when mold does indeed exist, we may be tempted to eat fruit anyway. Is that a good idea? In fact, it depends on the condition of your tomatoes. Once contaminated, they tend to experience a rots quickly and gets a very bad taste. You could too fall ill. For this reason, it is safer not to eat damaged fruit. However, when the infection is just beginning, intact fruits can be eaten. Pick them up as soon as possible and let them ripen at home.