In the long list of small auxiliary insects in the garden or vegetable garden, the ladybug is one of the most popular among gardeners. As a good predator, it particularly attacks many pests and parasites, starting with aphids. However, it would be very reducing to see them only as a tool for biological control of aphids. Ladybug alone can replace many chemicals. So we always want to cross Coccinella septempunctata and Adalia bipunctata in its green areas! And if it is possible to buy ladybug larvae or adult ladybugs from the garden centers, you can also arrange your garden to attract them naturally all year round. This is how it is done!
What are the benefits of owning ladybugs in your garden?
We know these are useful insects, but we often know little about the reasons. Certainly this is a a greedy predator There are about 100 aphids on the menu of an adult ladybug every day and up to 150 larvae on the menu. other pests : flour mites, ticks, eyelashes, leaf loops, psyllids… And let’s not forget the 22-spotted ladybug, one of the huge natural enemies of the rust-causing parasitic fungus in our vegetables. So do not hesitate to ask the garden center which species to choose according to the harmful insects and diseases to be controlled inside the plantations.
Also, don’t forget that like bees, bumblebees, butterflies and wasps, ladybugs participate in (albeit more modestly) pollination of flowers. Suffice it to say that all these special features make them essential allies in gardening!
How to attract ladybugs to your garden?
1) Prohibit any insecticides or chemical pesticides in the garden
Ladybugs are particularly sensitive to chemical plant protection products which can quickly lead them directly to the death of adult individuals. This is especially true of insecticides, which in any case tend to suppress harmful insects and beneficial insects indiscriminately. In addition to pesticides, all kinds of fungicides and herbicides are also very harmful to them. Before applying the slurry, also check that it does not cause them to be pushed out. And last but not least, if you want to help ladybugs enjoy themselves in your garden, limit the use of black soap! It’s natural, but they’re not fans of it at all …
2) Promotes garden biodiversity
The more diverse the selection of plants, the more comfortable these small animals will feel. In particular, do not hesitate leaving some corners of nature untouched in our green areas. The idle lands are, in fact, garden areas where the nettle, the beast weevil, the porcupine, the centaury, the wormwood, the anthemis and the wild carrot nest.
They also like plants that attract aphids black and all you have to do is go pick your prey: kidney beans and nasturtium are their favorites. There are other plants as well: oleander, roses, nettle, elderberry, crushed fennel, fennel, grain … And in the seasons when there are fewer aphids, the gardener can also to grow protein-rich plants through garden pollen and nectar: grass, tansy, white dead nettle, grass, dandelion, fruit trees, walnut flowers, dog tree, etc. The rich flora of the garden is the pledge of happy ladybugs!
3) Think of a ladybug shelter when setting up a garden
With the arrival of autumn, the temperature drops rapidly, which anticipates a harsh winter. These little insects then look for a shelter where it nests to spend the winter warm. And in this area, there are many opportunities in the garden for ladybugs. So consider leaving them with evergreen hedges, ivy leaves, mosses, bark or bark mold at the base of plants, bundles of trees and dead leaves, wild herbs, tall or dry stone walls in protected areas of the garden. You can also reverse insect hotel in the garden center glide in a corner protected from wind and rain. With this type of shelter, you will delight more than one!
Good to know : Lovers of ambient humidity will also appreciate the small pool or water point. This is another thing to keep in mind when designing your outdoor space.