In the garden, we already face many harmful insects and pests (aphids, snails, Colorado beetles, etc.) on all our shrubs and plantings. And unfortunately, as if that weren’t enough, there are also all sorts of diseases in the vegetable garden (mold, downy mildew, Alternaria, peach blight …) that can leave some vegetables and fruit trees in poor condition. This is especially true of fungicidal diseases that collect their pathogenic spores everywhere if nothing is done to prevent the spread of the disease by using conventional fungicidal plant protection products or one of those good old grandmother’s sprays to fight the fungi that are invading the whole plant. However, the disease in cultivation always strains plants (and gardeners!). So check out gardening tips and tricks to avoid diseases in the vegetable garden.
And hundreds of chemicals are not needed in this regard! You can save your harvest with a few good gestures, common sense and environmentally friendly products.
1) Good basic measures to avoid diseases in the vegetable garden
Good air and sun circulation inside the plants is very important to ensure at all times space your legs well and cut the stems and protruding leaves. This creates less favorable conditions for the development of fungal diseases. In addition, whether or not we have had an illness, Engaging in crop rotation is crucial. This allows the soil not to be depleted, but also, in particular, the virus or fungus must not spread to the same plant from year to year. So avoid keeping the same planting on the plot for more than two years in a row. Finally, if diseases occur in the vegetable garden, remove parts and leaves with gray rot or brown spots. from the first symptoms. Then be sure to burn the dead leaves well and disinfect tools pruning is used with a diseased plant with 90 ° alcohol. This eliminates bacteria and prevents the spread of pruning shears.
2) Water at the base of the plant and not the leaves
Because of the speed, we can sometimes do a little worse! However, the leaves of tomatoes, pumpkin, beans or our eggplant are usually rough. The result: they retain moisture better, which contributes to the development of the major plant fungal diseases we want to avoid. Whether it is a hose, a drip or a porous hose, water the plant feet. Besides, Avoid watering too late : The soil can be wet all night. And that’s what microorganisms expect to multiply!
3) Choose the right varieties and keep them
Even now, if the variety you choose proves to be sick, don’t hesitate to change it the next few times, even if it means choosing more durable seedlings. If you live in a cold area, prefer early tomatoes. As for hot areas, avoid hot weather on plants by favoring spring and autumn / winter varieties for peas, leeks and spinach. In short, consider the location of your garden take the right fruits and vegetables. After that, never forget watering and fertilizing to keep the seeds strong and resilient. For example, organic fertilizer allows for even balanced growth. Finally, think of natural tonics to stimulate the growth of young plants. This is especially true for plant extracts such as nettle or herb.
4) The right products for disease prevention in the vegetable garden
Applying the right measures is one thing. However, getting a helping hand with a few garden protection products is never a refusal.
The solution containing horsetail extract is active against mold, mildew, rust and, more generally, parasitic fungal diseases. It is diluted in rainwater or spring water before spraying on and under the leaves.
For the treatment of broken mildew
In the form of a dilutable powder or liquid sulfur is a preventive and curative fungicide that is useful in the control of scabies, erinosis, but also mildew. It is simply spraying diseased plants to treat them. Be careful, above 28 ° C it will become toxic. And below 15 ° C it is better to prefer copper.
Copper for mold treatment
Much better than the Bordeaux alloy, copper hydroxide is sprayed for prophylaxis or every 8-10 days as a treatment for plant mold.