In a garden like a vegetable garden, not all plantings may “get along” well. It’s a bit like with people… there are good and bad neighbors! In gardening, we talk about allelopathic associations. Simply put, it means what happens when the plants we choose to grow have negative or positive effects on each other. That is why it is very important to look at good and bad associations. In fact, this green partnership can even make all the difference in return. Here are the good and bad combinations that every gardener needs to know to make an orchard and vegetable garden more productive!
Why is creating the right associations so important in a vegetable garden? Here are 5 simple reasons!
– This is an important principle permaculture : well combined, it is possible to get the benefits of all plants and get a little foothold.
-In addition, some plants have the same nutrients. In fact, they are coming in compete for the same resource. As a result, their growth is weaker. By making sure they have good neighbors thanks to cultural union, the need is reduceduse chemical fertilizers !
-In addition, it can limit diseases in your crops.
-In addition, it helps control harmful parasites and pests without chemical pesticides. You can use plants to keep them away or create a cycle: instead of attacking your vegetables, insects attack the plants you plant to attract them.
-Finally, to plant bee plants vegetable land can attract pollinators such as bees. Doesn’t look like this, this allows for better fertility !
Create space for good associations with fruits and vegetables in the vegetable garden!
Good neighbors: cabbage, garlic, peas and field beans, castor beans, beans, coriander (its smell repels beetles)
Bad neighbors: cucumber, radish, eggplant, zucchini, tomato, sweet corn, pumpkins
Good neighbors: carrot, cucumber, tomato, lettuce, garlic, dill
Bad neighbors: kidney beans and peas, leek, cabbage, beans
Good neighbors: strawberry, cucumber, carrot, onion, tomato, potato, turnip spinach
Bad neighbors: cabbage and beans
Good neighbors: leek, lettuce, basil, spinach, onion, carrot, cabbage, parsley
Bad neighbors: peas, fennel, red cabbage, beets
Good neighbors: garlic, shallot, lettuce, onion, sage, leek and parsley
Bad neighbors: cabbage
Good neighbors: garlic, dill, peas, endive, leek, radish, lettuce, tomato, onion, chives, beans
Bad neighbors: mint, beets
Zucchini and squash
Good neighbors: onions, shallots, peas, beans
Bad neighbors: cucumbers
Good neighbors: beans, beets, peas, dill, cucumber, cabbage, tomato, radish
Bad neighbors: sunflower, parsley
Good neighbors: lettuce, tomato, strawberry, beans, peas, radishes, cabbage
Bad neighbors: beets
Good neighbors: garlic, basil, radish, peas
Bad neighbors: spinach, cabbage, lettuce
Good neighbors: dill, lettuce, onion, beans, cabbage
Bad neighbors: radish, potato, pumpkin, zucchini, melon
Good neighbors: pumpkin, corn, sunflower
Bad neighbors: cucumber
Good neighbors: radishes, potatoes, strawberries, lettuce, celery, carrots, eggplant, cabbage, zucchini
Bad neighbors: peas, leeks, garlic, onions
Good neighbors: thyme, parsley, tarragon, paprika, beans, tomatoes, peas
Bad neighbors: potatoes and onions
Good neighbors: tomato, parsley, leek
Bad neighbors: garlic, cabbage, shallots, onions, pears
Good neighbors: tomatoes, spinach, carrots, strawberries
Bad neighbors: beans, peas
Good neighbors: radish, onion, bean, lettuce, cabbage, celery
Bad neighbors: spinach
Good neighbors: lettuce, tomato, peas, beets, beans, lettuce
Bad neighbors: all other cabbage varieties, garlic
Good neighbors: carrot, watercress, strawberry, bean, lettuce, tomato
Bad neighbors: cherry, cucumber.
Good neighbors: spinach, garlic, celery, chives, peas.
Do not plant near: radishes.
Good neighbors: cabbage, potatoes, radishes, carrots, spinach
And finally, the bad neighbors: garlic, shallots, onions, tomatoes.
Plants that are combined in a vegetable garden to remove pests
Combining plants with vegetables and fruits is often very effective in a vegetable garden. As mentioned earlier, certain plants and flowers have a pest-repellent effect. Here are some plants to plant in your vegetable garden:
– First, nasturtium attracts aphids so that they leave other plants alone. On the contrary, garlic has repellent properties to them!
-Lavender attracts pollinating insects good for good production.
– Burrows can also be placed on the edge of the vegetable garden to repel snails and snails.
– Finally, calendula, petunia and calendula expel worms and protects cabbages, tomatoes, and other plants from attack. In addition, calendula also helps fight weeds, such as weeds.